International Energy Analysis Department
The International Energy Analysis Department works collaboratively with countries throughout the world to identify clean energy resources and energy-efficiency opportunities that will advance economic prosperity and promote a path to recipient self-reliance and resilience. Our research advances U.S. national security and economic prosperity, demonstrates American generosity and enables U.S. industry to establish meaningful links with world markets.
We perform game-changing research on energy use and clean energy strategies through extensive analyses, research, model and tool development and technical assistance. We deploy across a wide variety of sectors in emerging and developed economies, and link U.S. industry with key opportunities throughout the world. Our research initiatives include:
Energy Modeling and Pathways
Researchers at the International Energy Analysis Department have developed and continually refined detailed, bottom-up national energy end-use models (DREAM) to evaluate potential future pathways and road maps for two key countries with fast-growing energy demand: China and India. Begun in 2005 in response to a growing policy focus in the Chinese government on energy efficiency, we developed the China 2050 DREAM model. This was followed by the development of the India 2050 DREAM model, and work is currently underway to develop similar national models for Mexico, Indonesia and South Africa.
High Performance Buildings
Building energy demand, which contributes to one-third of global energy demand, can be reduced by one-third by 2050 through application of advanced energy efficiency technologies and policies. For more than three decades, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory’s (Berkeley Lab's) International Energy Analysis Department (IEAD) has been working to deliver unbiased scientific research, analysis, and tools to make buildings around the world more energy efficient, cost effective, comfortable, and healthy. Core to the group’s value delivery model is an unparalleled technical knowledgebase and network of government, intergovernmental, academic, and private institutions, in addition to world class technical capabilities and facilities, such as FLEXLAB®.
Improving energy efficiency of appliances globally saves energy, decreases pollution, reduces costs to consumers and improves energy security worldwide.
As household income rises in developing and emerging economies, growing appliance ownership and usage becomes an increasingly important driver for energy consumption and related emissions, particularly in countries where power sector generation is still dominated by fossil fuels. In these countries, regulatory policies and market transformation programs have been developed to help achieve large-scale energy efficiency market transformation to capture economic and environmental benefits. Drawing on expertise from the U.S. (including in-house expertise from Berkeley Lab’s Energy Efficiency Standards Department and Electricity Markets and Policy Department) and other successful international programs since 1987, the International Energy Analysis Department (IEAD) has provided technical and regulatory support to help various countries develop, expand and refine their policies and programs to improve appliance energy efficiency.
Energy Access and Distributed Energy
About 1.1 billion people in the world, largely in developing Asia and sub-Saharan Africa, do not have access to electricity, and the majority live in rural areas. Researchers at the International Energy Analysis Department have conducted studies on renewable energy based off- and mini-grids, and distributed energy solutions that offer a significant opportunity to increase access to reliable energy services.
Pathways to Net-Zero Emissions Industry
Transitioning to net-zero emissions industry is one of the major challenges of our time but also an opportunity to demonstrate innovative clean energy technologies and new resource management practices.
The International Energy Analysis Department (IEAD) identifies opportunities and challenges, assesses potential low carbon pathways, and develops tools and guidelines to streamline adoption of clean technologies and practices. Focusing on emerging economies around the world that are building their cities and infrastructure, we work with policymakers, researchers, and stakeholders to assist in the transition to the industries of tomorrow.
Power and Grid Integration
The International Energy Analysis Department conducts joint technical research, pilot demonstrations, and policy analysis on power system transition, power market reform, demand response (DR) and demand-side management (DSM), integration of renewable energy, distributed energy resources (DER), and microgrids with partners in the U.S., China, India, and internationally.
Transportation and Storage
Global transportation energy demand is expected to grow by about 100 quads by 2050. Emerging economies such as China, India and Indonesia will be responsible for a substantial part of this growth in the future and have an opportunity to leapfrog to low- or zero-emissions forms of transport. The transition to electric cars will be an important trend in the coming decades, and countries now face questions about how their transportation systems will evolve. How quickly can electric vehicles scale? What will be the impact on electric grids? How can drivers be assured of access to charging infrastructure? What costs are involved? Our analysis and tools can help answer some of these questions and help in planning for the future.