Development of an End-Use Sector- Based Low-Carbon Indicator System for Cities in China

Publication Type

Conference Proceedings

Date Published

08/2012

Abstract

In 2009, China committed to reducing its carbon dioxide intensity (CO2/unit of gross domestic product, GDP) by 40 to 45 percent by 2020 from a 2005 baseline. In March 2011, China's 12th Five-Year Plan established a carbon intensity reduction goal of 17% between 2011 and 2015. China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) then announced the selection of five provinces and eight cities to pilot low carbon development work. Macro-level indicators of low carbon development, such as energy use or CO2 emissions per unit of GDP or per capita may be too aggregated to be meaningful measurements of whether a city or province is truly "low carbon". Instead, indicators based on energy end-use sectors (industry, residential, commercial, transport) offer a better approach for defining "low carbon" and for taking action to reduce energy-related carbon emissions.

This paper presents and tests a methodology for the development of an end-use sector-based low carbon indicator system at the city level, providing initial results for an end-use low carbon indicator system based on data available at the municipal levels. The paper consists of a discussion of macro-level indicators that are typically used for inter-city, regional, or inter-country comparisons; the methodology used to develop a more robust low carbon indicator system for China; and the results of this indicator system. The research concludes with a discussion of issues encountered during the development of the end-use sector-based low-carbon indicator, followed by recommendations for future improvement.

Conference Name

ACEEE’s 2012 Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings

Year of Publication

2012

Series Editor

Publisher

American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy

Conference Location

Pacific Grove, California, U.S.A.