Distribution system versus bulk power system: identifying the source of electric service interruptions in the US

Publication Type

Journal Article

Date Published

03/2019

Abstract

This study reports on the results from efforts by the Institute of Electric and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) Distribution
Reliability Working Group (DRWG) and the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) to improve the usefulness of reliability
metrics by developing and then applying consistent, yet distinct measures of the continuity of supply based on the portion of the
electric power system from which power interruptions originate: the lower voltage distribution system versus the high-voltage
bulk power system. The modified metrics better support reliability planning in the US because they separately measure the
effectiveness of actions to improve reliability made by the two distinct groups of firms (and their regulators or oversight bodies)
that are responsible for planning and operating each portion of the US electric power system. The authors then present for the
first time quantitative information on the reliability of each portion of the US electric power system. When reliability is measured
using the system average interruption duration index and the system average interruption frequency index, they find that the
distribution system accounts for at least 94 and 92%, respectively, of all interruptions. They also find that these relationships
have been stable over the recent past.

Journal

IET Generation, Transmission & Distribution

Volume

13

Year of Publication

2019

Issue

5
717

Pagination

717-723

ISSN

1751-8687