The LBL Residential Energy and Hourly Demand Models
The LBL Residential Energy and Hourly Demand Models provide forecasts of energy consumption and hourly demands by end-use. We applied these models to five electric utility service areas. Reasonable agreement with historical residential sales (within 5%) and hourly demands (within 15% on peak) was obtained over several years of data. These models offer: (1) end-use economic response (fuel choice and usage); (2) end-use engineering detail; (3) separation of customers into rate classes; (4) integration of residential sales and hourly demand projections; and (5) capability to analyze demand-side impacts.