A conceptual model to estimate cost effectiveness of the indoor environment improvements

Publication Type

Conference Paper

Date Published



Macroeconomic analyses indicate a high cost to society of a deteriorated indoor climate. The few example calculations performed to date indicate that measures taken to improve IEQ are highly cost-effective when health and productivity benefits are considered. We believe that cost-benefit analyses of building designs and operations should routinely incorporate health and productivity impacts. As an initial step, we developed a conceptual model that shows the links between improvements in IEQ and the financial gains from reductions in medical care and sick leave, improved work performance, lower employee turn over, and reduced maintenance due to fewer complaints.

Conference Name

Proceedings of the Healthy Buildings 2003 Conference, December 7-11, 2003

Year of Publication



Healthy Buildings 2003, Inc., Singapore

Conference Location