A Pilot Study Of Energy Efficient Air Cleaning For Ozone
This report explores the feasibility of energy efficient low cost ozone removal from indoor air by examining carbon-based filtration options. Several candidate carbon-based materials and configurations were assessed by review of previous work and performance calculations. In addition, a laboratory pilot study was undertaken with the material that showed the most potential promise. This material was a commercially available filter that contained a thin layer of small activated carbon particles in a pleated configuration. For three months ozone (113 ± 13 ppm) in particle-filtered ambient air passed through the filter at a realistic ventilation system face velocity of 0.5 m s-1. Ozone was injected upstream of the filter, and its concentration was monitored continuously upstream and downstream of the filter, as well as in the incoming ambient air. Throughout the three-month period, continuous measurements were made of the ambient temperature and humidity, as well as flow rate and pressure drop through the filter. The ozone removal efficiency was initially 96% and remained at 50% or higher for two and a half months. The estimated ozone removal capacity, before the efficiency dropped below 50%, was 0.3 g ozone per gram carbon. The pressure drop of the air flowing through the ozone filter was 26 Pa. Based on the size, efficiency, measured lifetime, and pressure drop of the ozone filter, it appears that ozone air cleaning may be practical in commercial air handling systems.