Thermophoresis and Its Thermal Parameters for Aerosol Collection
The particle collection effi ciency of a prototype environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) sampler based on the use of thermophoresis is determined by optimizing the operational voltage that determines its thermal gradient. This sampler's heating element was made of three sets of thermophoretic (TP) wires 25μm in diameter suspended across a channelcut in a printed circuit board and mounted with collection surfaces on both sides. The separation between the heatingelement and the room temperature collection surface was determined in a numerical simulation based on the Brock-Talbotmodel. Other thermal parameters of this TP ETS sampler were predicted by the Brock-Talbot model for TP deposition.From the normalized results the optimal collection ratio was expressed in terms of operational voltage and fi lter mass.Prior to the Brock-Talbot model simulation for this sampler, 1.0V was used arbitrarily. The operational voltage wasraised to 3.0V, and the collection effi ciency was increased by a factor of fi ve for both theory and experiment.